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UMK-IR is a digital collection of the University's intellectual or research output.


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Digital Kelantan Collection


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Knowledge Management

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Research Tools
Citation Styles

What is Citation?

In academic research we read works by other people and collect information to act as a foundation for our own work. When we use this information we give credit to the original author. This process is called citation.

Why do we cite?

Citation allows people reading your work to find the original sources if they want to learn more about something.
Citation gives people credit for the work they did - you're not taking credit for someone else's work.
When you cite other people's work it shows that you have done your research and that your arguments are based on a strong foundation.
If you don't cite properly, you are committing plagiarism. and risk academic or even legal repercussions

Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, second printing.

Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ on March 27th, 2012.

Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ on March 27th, 2012.